SpanishThe goal of a strong foreign language program is to get students using the language! Communication in a foreign language is promoted through four integrated skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Spanish at PMFS uses all these modalities.
What does that look like here at PMFS?
Pre-K and Kindergarten
In the Pre-K through Kindergarten years, Spanish is promoted orally. The students listen to stories and songs and play games targeted for use of specific vocabulary. Kindergarten students expand from primarily interacting with the teacher in Spanish to using Spanish with their classmates in small group activities.
First and Second Grade
Students continue to learn and appreciate Spanish through stories, songs, games, and small-group activities. Classes begin to incorporate reading familiar words, listening and responding to grammatical structures in context (adjectives, articles), and production of meaningful and correct sentences using pictures.
Spoken activities, e.g., stories, songs, games, etc., are interspersed with some reading and writing. Third Graders start to read simple books with short and repetitive phrases in Spanish, which incorporate new and previously learned vocabulary. They read and write both previous and new vocabulary. Students also expand their speaking abilities, from only speaking in the third person to conjugating verbs according to the first and second person pronoun.
Student confidence and agility in speaking is fostered with fun activities, songs, and games. Fourth Graders move towards more independence and accuracy with a variety of grammatical structures in the present tense singular, in speaking and writing. They read beginner novels created for Spanish language learners.
The focus shifts towards better descriptive abilities for students. By expanding from singular conjugations to plural, students now have a full range of present tense speaking options. Fifth Graders write and speak about themselves, their families, their lives, their routines, quickly recalling previous vocabulary and activating new vocabulary. Student comfort and confidence in communicating on familiar topics helps them speak with their friends and family in Mexico. Students also strengthen their reading abilities with beginner novels of progressive difficulty.
Students are beginning to transition from the Novice* range of foreign language learning to the Intermediate* range. Expected to use their Spanish without prompting, Sixth Graders can ask and answer simple questions to find information on various topics. They learn future and past tense, study Spanish culture, and read texts with increasing length and difficulty.
*As per ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines